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"Suggest" 的正確用法



“I suggest"是一個經常被用錯的句式,因為“suggest” 這個verb不能像其他動詞一樣,直接跟indirect object

例如你可以說:I give him a book to read

但你絕對不可以說:I suggest him to read a book


“suggest” 是一個很特別的動詞,永遠只可以跟the suggestion (建議),並不可以跟 “接受建議者” (the receiver of the suggestion)


而以下是“ suggest” 的正確用法:


Noun/Noun Phrase 名詞

I suggest + 建議

最簡單直接的方法就是直接加名詞 (Noun 或 Noun Phrase)


例如:

  • I suggest a fast food advertising ban

(❌ I suggest the government to ban fast food advertising)



Gerund (-ing form)

如果想建議一個動作(action),想用verb,你要用 gerund (即-ing form),而 ❌不是 to-infinitive ❌


例如:

  • He suggested going to the cinema(而不是 He suggested to go to the cinema)

  • Doctors often suggest eating balanced meals and exercising more if you want to lose weight

  • I suggest not waiting until tomorrow


參考以上跟名詞例句 “I suggest a fast food advertising ban ”亦可寫成 “ I suggest banning fast food advertising”



That-clause

第三個,亦是最難用的用法,就是“suggest” 最特別的地方,因為 suggest 之後要用subjunctive mood


先看看例句,再解釋用法:

  • I suggest that you call him tomorrow.

  • The teacher suggests that he work harder

其實,正式來說,動詞前是會用“should”,但大部分人都會省略

”I suggest that the government (should) ban fast food advertising“


⚠️⚠️⚠️ 重申一次: ⚠️⚠️⚠️

當給予建議,

絕對絕對不能寫 ❌❌❌ I suggest someone to do something ❌❌❌


⚠️注意:在informal 情況下,你亦會見到 “ that” 和 ” should“ 被省略。所以 “I suggest a fast food advertising ban ”亦可寫成 ”I suggest the government ban fast food advertising“ (雖然“ should” 被省略,但“ban”亦不能加 -s),因為這裏我們要用subjunctive mood,subjunctive 在現代英文已經很少用,所以你只要記住 suggest +that+ someone+ bare infinitive (動詞原型式) 就可以


如果想寫否定句,建議不做一件事,只要在verb前加not就可以

例如:I suggest (that) you not waste time on social media.



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