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5 Ways to Activate Your Passive Vocabulary (Don't Just Understand Words, Apply Them!)

Do you find yourself unable to use more advanced words and phrases even though you understand their meanings perfectly?

你是否有時明明了解某些單字的意思,卻無法使用/不敢自信地運用它們呢?



If so, you're not alone.


Productive skills (i.e. writing and speaking) often pose more challenges to English learners than receptive skills (i.e. reading and listening). 寫作和口語 通常比 閱讀和聽力帶來更多挑戰。


If, so far, you've been relying on memorizing vocabulary lists, chances are, your "passive" vocabulary would be much more extensive and advanced than your "active" vocabulary.

如果到目前為止,你一直依賴於死記硬背詞彙表,那麼你的“被動”詞彙很可能會比“活躍”詞彙廣泛得多。


But before we dive any further, let's just clarify what I mean by "active" and "passive" vocabulary, so that we're all on the same page:

但在我們進一步深入之前,讓我們先澄清一下“主動”和“被動”詞彙的含義


Passive Vocabulary 被動詞彙:

Words/Phrases/Expressions that you understand when you come across them, but are unable to use them when you write/speak. 當你遇到它們時你能理解,但當你寫/說時卻無法使用。


Active Vocabulary 活躍詞彙:

Words/Phrases/Expressions that you understand and use 你能理解和使用的單詞/短語/表達




Here are 5 effective ways to activate your passive vocabulary

5個有效的轉化被動成活躍詞彙方法


Immersion 多接觸

You might be able to quickly expand your vocabulary by memorizing long lists of definitions. However, most of these words and phrases will stay in your passive vocabulary bank.


If your goal is to be able to apply these words and phrases in your day-to-day communication, you need to understand the context and usage.




That's why exposing yourself to different English materials is essential. Surround yourself with English books, movies, TV shows, podcasts, and music. This exposure will familiarize you with different words and phrases, making it easier to incorporate them into your own communication.


盡可能讓自己置身於英語環境中。多接觸英語書籍、電影、電視節目、播客和音樂。這樣的接觸將有助於讓你熟悉不同的詞彙和片語,使它們更容易融入你自己的溝通中。



Refine Your Vocabulary Expansion Process 改變學生字方法

Actively expand your vocabulary by learning new words and phrases. Make it a habit to learn a few new words every day, review old ones and try to incorporate these words into your conversations or writing...repeatedly!

But don't stop there. Actively apply them and use them. Create sentences, write paragraphs, or come up with crazy stories.


Creating mnemonic devices helps you remember new words more easily. Associate a new word with an image, a funny story, or a personal connection. By attaching these associations to the words, you'll find it easier to recall and use them when needed.


積極擴展你的詞彙量,學習新的單詞和片語。養成每天學幾個新詞彙的習慣,並嘗試將它們融入你的對話或寫作中。

使用記憶法,將詞彙與圖像、有趣的故事或個人聯繫聯繫起來。練習做句,做故事,通過將這些聯繫與詞彙聯繫起來,你將發現在需要時更容易回想起並使用它們。



Contextual Practice 情境練習

Practise using words in their proper contexts. Instead of just memorizing isolated words, try using them in sentences or conversations.


Engage in role-playing scenarios where you can practise using theme-based vocabulary. Choose a topic or situation and take on different roles with a partner. This interactive practice helps solidify your understanding and gives you the confidence to use the words naturally in real-life situations, allowing you to actively incorporate your passive vocabulary into meaningful conversations.

在情境練習中使用新詞彙進行練習。不要僅僅記憶孤立的單詞,嘗試在句子或對話中使用它們。這有助於鞏固你的理解,並給予你在現實情境中自然運用詞彙的信心。

參與角色扮演情境,以此練習使用有關主題的詞彙。這種練習方式能讓你將你的被動詞彙積極地融入有意義的對話中。



Journalling 日記

Keep a journal or diary in English (you can even use the voice memo app if you want to improve your speaking fluency!). Write/talk about your daily experiences, thoughts, and reflections using the words from your passive vocabulary.


This regular practice and reinforcement will help you become more comfortable using them in your day-to-day communication.

嘗試用你學的詞彙寫下你的日常經歷、思考和反思。這種定期練習將強化你對詞彙的理解,並幫助你在日常溝通更加自在地使用它們。




Enjoy the Process: Word Games and Puzzles 詞語遊戲


Spice up your learning with word games and puzzles that require you to use your passive vocabulary. Crossword puzzles and Scrabble are a couple of great examples. These games challenge you to recall and apply words in a fun and engaging way.

詞語遊戲如填字遊戲和Scrabble是很好的例子。這些遊戲以有趣的方式挑戰你回想和應用詞彙。




Ready to take your English to the next level and turn your passive vocabulary into active vocabulary 準備提升你的英語能力到新的水平了嗎?

Sign up for my courses and practise English on a daily basis. Consistent practice is the key to activating your passive vocabulary. Access daily bite-sized materials, practise in a safe and judgment-free environment and receive personalized feedback.

我的英文課程注重每天給你一口大小的教材,每天練習啟動你的被動詞彙,帶領你有效地提升英文水平,並得到專業個性化回饋。


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